Annual Labor Review
Part One

 

OFFICIAL
ANNUAL LABOR REVIEW
A Review of the MiamiValley Financial, Industrial and Commercial Enterprises
In Sympathy with the Tenets of Organized Labor  –  Compiled by Herbert Lewis
 
Volume 2 – Number 19                                     DAYTON, OHIO, APRIL 19, 1918                                            Whole Number 71
 
BERT KLOPPER
DOMINANT DAYTON
Publicity Manager, G. D. A.
 
 
                “There is so much bad in the best of us and so much good in the worst of us that it ill behooves any of use to speak ill of the rest of us.”
 
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                No aphorism or no rule of action carries the weight of greater authority than the above, with the sole exception of the Golden Rule. And as a matter of fact, it is but a restatement of that moral signpost of the ages.
                Every community, just as every individual, has good and bad habits; has imperfections and shortcomings measured by the advancing standards of life and of social action. For a group of individuals bound together by definite ties of economic dependence and interdependence, divided and subdivided into social, religious, intellectual and civic interests each appealing to various groups of citizenship.
                Underlying, however, the physical evidence of a twentieth century civilization, back of the big buildings, the factories, the whirr and whirl of traffic and of commerce, which are the gonfallons of modern industry, is the citizenship, the civic spirit of the community. Buildings and industries are ephemeral. So are men’s places on the stage of life, but the thoughts that men think, the ideals they support, the conceptions they nurture – these are the distinguishing marks.
 
Keen To Perceive.
 
                No city among the brilliant galaxy of American municipalities reflects a higher standard of citizenship than Dayton and in no city of the United States are the highly diversified elements of the community more keen – keen to perceive the social wrongs, quick to detect community errors or more ready to respond to the needs of the community in which they live.
                Scrupulously developing an industrial character for many patient years, Dayton has long taken on national importance as a city of diversified manufacturers. More than 35,000 men and women are employed in the more than 600 factories and a large proportion of the men are engaged in mechanical service calling forth the greatest skill, acumen and dexterity. The appellation, “City of Precision,” is indeed pertinent.
                Within recent years a marked stimulus has been given the economic organization of working men and women through the medium of labor unions and if the spirit of constructive activity shown by the Central Labor Union is maintained, Dayton will be one of the best organized cities in the country. Serious clashes between employers and employes are singularly rare here largely because of the spirit of conciliation and the exercise of sound sense. Only a condition, paradisiacal, can perhaps conceive the time when the interests of those who labor for wages and those who own the machinery of production can be so completely merged as to preclude evidence of conflict.
                Industrially sound and denuded of “boom” elements, with thousands of men and women employed, retail business is secure. Dayton’s stores are progressive, attractive, substantial.
 
Educational Interests.
 
                In educational interests, Dayton public school system is admirably meeting the demands of the age, the co-ordination of academic with industrial training. Household economics and industrial training are stressed and attractive courses are offered for the boy who desires to acquire a sound literary education and at the same time prepare for the serious task of bread winning. Complementing the public and the parochial schools is an industrial institution maintained by local manufacturers for the training of both skilled and unskilled mechanics. Two theological seminaries, Bonebrake and Central, and St. Mary’s college complete the educational institutional equipment of Dayton.
                The solidity of local industry, the development of the painstaking and the thrifty temperament, has given rise to another characteristic condition, the home owning propensities of Daytonians. Approximately 50 per cent of the homes of Dayton are owned by their occupants. This is made possible by the tremendous development of the building and loan association idea in which plan Dayton excels. There are 18 building and loan associations with assets aggregating $38,000,000. The assets of the 15 national and state banks are approximately $33,000,000. This condition evidences Dayton as a most desirable place in which to live.
                In philanthropic and social welfare activities, Dayton has shown much progressiveness. It has federated 9 of her most important charity and social welfare agencies eliminating much cost of administration and duplication of effort, imposition and fraud. Virtually all the labor organizations, the social welfare bodies, the improvement associations, churches and church clubs, women’s organizations and industrial clubs are linked up in some way with direct social welfare service through the federation plan.
 
Governmental Progress.
 
                The systematization of industrial work, the home owning propensities of the people and the civic conscience of the community, pregnant with disgust for partisan politics, made possible the adoption of the commission-manager form of city government and this is the largest city in the world so operating. It is not to be presumed for a minute that the Golden Age has arrived for these are administrative faults and weaknesses discernible here and there, but the plan is conceded to be the most direct and expedient for the democratization, systematization and efficiency of public service and the elements which called it into being have in their hands the power to apply the remedial agencies as needs arise.
                A multiplicity of interests engross Daytonians aside from their daily struggle for bread. There are 60 commercial organizations, 75 civic, moral, reform, general educational bodies and 100 organizations devoted to neighborhood improvement, philanthropy and civic ideals. Women maintain 75 literacy and industrial clubs. There are 2,000 clubs within churches, lodges, stores not general in character and with restricted provinces. The fraternal side of Dayton people is shown in the fact that they belong to 275 lodges, subordinate branches of 90 national fraternities. Their religious interests are expressed through the medium of 130 church congregations. More than 60 unions are vigilantly supporting the ideals of the wealth producers of the community.
 
Greater Dayton Association.
 
                Giving counsel and support to all of these; active in applying itself to the problems that confront manufacturers, wage earners, merchants, professional men and women and intensively engaged in summoning the best available through in the solution of community questions stands the Greater Dayton association.
                Made up largely of men who can afford and who are willing to spend a few dollars a year to bring the most helpful through to bear on the problems that effect all of us in the community, the Greater Dayton association is not a class organization. Its halls, its counsel, its help, its meetings are available to every wage earner. Party politics is eschewed – the organization stands for clean, honest, efficient government. Ninety per cent of its work, its effort, is for general community interests, ten per cent of its labors are distinctly commercial or industrial relating to retailers’ and manufacturers’ interests.
                The very day the war resolution was adopted by Congress, in April, 1917, the Greater Dayton association diverted its efforts in the direction of federal aid for the winning of the war. The organization assisted materially in all the recruiting campaigns of the government for soldiers, marines and sailors; for Y. M. C. A. workers and Red Cross nurses; for laborers and for other kinds of service required by the government.
                In the fall when the fuel situation assumed serious aspects, the Greater Dayton association promptly offered its resources and joined with the city officials and the Coal Dealers’ association in establishing the coal clearing house without which a chaotic condition so far as coal is concerned, would have existed. At a cost of more than $1,000 a month, the association took over the clearing house in its own quarters, supplied needed clerical and administrative service and best of all contributed to the government through the Montgomery County Fuel Administration the clear brained and thoroughly energetic and effective services of its traffic manger, R. M. Robinson. The zeal of the association was also recognized when, in the appointment of the county food administration the G. D. A. was officially asked to be represented. Its secretary, John T. Neilson, was thereupon made secretary of the very important county food body.
                Since the first of the year the Greater Dayton association, epitomized, has helped materially the coal situation through its support of the clearing house; helped the county food board; aided the Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., war recreational campaign; asked for federal money aid for housing purposes; assisted the Federation for Charity campaign; aided the Halifax relief campaign; supplied an expeditor for government work; aided the War Savings Stamp and Liberty Load campaigns; formed a class in efficiency; formed a class for the study of foreign trade; promoted garden cultivation; produced a history of Dayton; tackled the employment problem and the conservation of local labor resources through a live committee; formed a department for women’s work; took the first steps for the formation of a war chest; named a committee of manufacturers to buy coal collectively and distribute it without profit; assists the War Camp Community Service in providing clean diversion and hospitality for the soldiers in our midst; endorsed general use of trade acceptances secured (so far) two big conventions for Dayton for 1918 – the Society of Automobile Engineers and the Ohio Retail Clothiers’ association.
                And, in addition to what this brief survey shows, the association is serving, not as the spokesman for capital or for labor; not as the mouthpiece of the manufacturers or the employers, but as a clearing house of ideas and activities for all the people.
                Its service, its function, its field typifies the life and thought of the community in which it thrives and of which it is a product.
 
 
 
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION
 
 
By J. E. Duncan
Secretary-Treasurer
Dayton Typographical Union No. 57
 
                The typographical union of the United States rank among the oldest trades organizations of the North American continent. In the early part of the past century there were typographical associations in all the principal cities of the country, but these associations were not united under one head until 1852. During this year a convention was held in Cincinnati, Ohio at which time the wisdom of having a parent organization was seen, and on Wednesday, May 5, 1852, the national union was formed, the printers adopting the name of the National Typographical Union.
                Just ten years later, Dayton Typographical Union was issued a charter (to be exact May 13, 1862) bu the National Typographical Union, and the following names are on the charter: E. Lindsley, J. Schnebly, Thos. Shain, S. Jones Reiger, R. G. Clark, George Matthews, George Kinder, J. P. Gravatt, L. Schnebly, D. Morgan, B. Naider, W. J. Bridlack, E. A. Sheridan, Oscar Langford, B. F. Brusman, T. D. Budd, David P. Boyer, F. W. Anderton, W. R. Eckley, J. Ballinger and J. P. Pflaum, who composed the original typographical union. They have all passed to their reward with the exception of Oscar Langford, who is now 81 years of age, and has been a resident of the Union Printers’ Home at Colorado Springs, Colorado, for a number of years, and David Boyer, now a resident of this city, and at one time the chief organizer of the National Union, and under whose supervision 95 subordinate unions were formed, a record that has not been surpassed to this day. Mr. Boyer enjoys the best of health and is a frequent visitor at the offices of the union.
                The new organization was short lived, however, for during the dark days of the Civil War practically the entire membership entered the army.
                The spirit of unionism still lived, and on May 26, 1866, a meeting of the printers was held in the sheriff’s office. The chairman, Josh. H. Horton, stated the object of the meeting to be to resuscitate the old union and get it in thorough working order again. J. H. Horton was the first president;
Wm. H. Rouzer, who later became mayor of
Dayton, was vice-president, and Henry Osborn, secretary. The reorganized union consisted of Ed. J. Farrell, J. N. Baker, George Rigler, Chas. Hopkins, Patrick Dowdell, Horace Robinson, J. C. Ely, A. F. Poffenberger, A. A. Hoffman, Granville Hixon, O. C. Wheeler, Henry Osborn, Josh. J. Horton and Sol. Leavenbaugh.
                The desire of the printers to better their working conditions soon took definite form, for at the convention of the National union held in Philadelphia in 1865, action was taken to establish the 8-hour day on and after May 1, 1866. This action was carried out so far as possible on the newspapers all over the country.
                An interesting side light on the meaning of chapels and how they came into being in No. 57 may be gleaned from the action of the union in 1867, when the following resolution was adopted: “Resolved, that workmen in each office may, if they deem it expedient to do so, resolve themselves into a chapel, to be governed by such rules and regulations as they may adopt, providing they be not inconsistent with the constitution, by-laws, or any rule or lay of the union.” This has stood the test of time, and chapels exist in practically every union printing office in this city and country.
                The convention of 1869 at Albany, N. Y., marked the passing of the National Typographical Union, and on June 11, 1869, the National union passed out of existence and the International Typographical Union of North America had its birth. On June 6, 1870, 18 years, one month and one day after the National Typographical Union was organized in Cincinnati, the union opened its first session as an international body in the same city.
                At the convention of the I. T. U. held in Baltimore, Md., in 1872, it was ordered that all unions chartered by the old National union be furnished with new charters, establishing their subordination to the International union, and accordingly the Dayton union was issued a new charter on January 24, 1872, with the following names attached: W. R. Eckley, P. C. Fairchild, E. J. Farrell, W. I. Mather, Wm. O. Hoover, J. R. Hamilton, and John Buchner.
                The original charter issued in 1862, and the one issued in 1872 are still in the possession of No. 57, and decorate the walls of the secretary’s office and are highly prized by the members and are the subject of much comment by visitors and members.
                The spirit of arbitration has extended through the typographical union for many years, and the first definite stand was taken on this matter at the Baltimore convention in 1872, when the following was adopted: “Experience has demonstrated the pernicious effects of strikes upon business generally, resulting disastrously (even when seemingly successful) to the interests of both journeymen and employer; therefore, be it resolved, that this international union recommends to subordinate unions the settlement of all disputes arising by reason of any increase or deduction in the scale of prices by arbitration.”
                This action has subsequently been carried out, and now all working agreements and scale of prices carry an arbitration clause and strikes and lockouts in the typographical union are a thing of the past.
                The great American Federation of Labor was conceived and born within the ranks of the typographical union. At the convention in Washington, D. C. in 1879, the secretary was instructed to communicate with the different international labor unions of North America with a view of getting an expression regarding the feasibility of forming an international amalgamated union, and as a result of this action, the A. F. of L. came into being in the city of Pittsburg in 1881.
                The next great thing to agitate the printers was the introduction of typesetting machines in the early 90s. At that time the printers were bitterly opposed to these machines, thinking they would all be thrown out of employment, and pandemonium reigned. Efforts were made to have the international union buy the entire output of the factories, and failing in this to enter an agreement that none but union printers could work on these machines. These efforts failed, but today 98 per cent of the typesetting machines are operated by members of the typographical unions.
                It may be said in passing that the type-setting machines and other labor saving devices have been the making of the printing industry and incidentally the typographical unions. Without these improvements the great volume of printing now being done, and the great newspapers of today would not be in existence.
                With the advent of machinery in the printing line, came the demand for shortening the hours of labor, and with the introduction of the typesetting machines, the newspaper composing rooms were safely run on the 8-hour day, and the job branch desired a reduction of hours. The 9 ½-hour day was instituted on November 21, 1898, and the 9-hour day November 21, 1899. Next came the demand for the 8-hour day in the book and job branch. Some cities were able to secure the shorter work day as early as 1903, and finally the International Union ordered that the 8-hour day go into effect throughout its jurisdiction on January 1, 1906. This resulted in many strikes and lockouts throughout the entire country, the employers refusing at that time to see the justice of this request. The International Union spent the huge sum of $4,163,970.84 in strike benefits and special assistance to the subordinate unions. Today the 8-hour day is an accomplished fact throughout the jurisdictions of the typographical union, and most of the few remaining non-union offices operate on the basis.
                The benefits to be derived from the 8-hour day are aptly set forth by Max S. Hayes, of Cleveland, in a stirring address before the delegates to the Toronto convention in 1905, when summing up the 8-hour situation, he spoke as follows:
                “The 8-hour day means not less wages, but more wages; it means the absorption of the unemployed army of workers and the increasing demand for labor as well as minimizing of the present fierce cutthroat competition. The 8-hour day means that those now employed would be less exhausted after a day’s toil; that mental and physical resources would be fostered and developed and life and health prolonged.
                “The 8-hour day means stronger family ties, pleasant homes, more time for books, to attend lectures, to cultivate music, art and science, and for the study of all the glories lavished upon mankind by generous mother nature.
                “The 8-hour day means that poverty would be decreased, sweatshops would be wiped out, drunkenness, prostitution, crime and misery would be greatly reduced; it means that wealth would be more equitably distributed, enlightenment, dissemination, invention and discovery stimulated, and a greater and grander progress would bless the world than mankind has yet known.”
                Following the 8-hour day the next step was the inauguration of the old-age pension which went into effect August 1, 1908, and the mortuary payments on January 1, 1910. The old-age pension now pays its beneficiaries $5.00 per week, and the mortuary on the death of a member, $400.00.
 
The Union Printers’ Home
 
                This institution is situated at Colorado Springs, Colorado, contiguous to Pike’s Peak, and in a country enjoying a reputation for the salubrity and curative quality of its climate.
                The main building was erected and furnished in 1892 at a cost of $70,000, every cent being paid on completion – an almost unprecedented occurrence in the history of benevolent institutions. A hospital annex was erected at a cost of $40,000 at a later date; then a library addition, laundry and builer plant, superintendent’s cottage, etc. In 1912 a toberculous pavilion, accommodating 32 patients, and costing $20,000 was added to the sanitorium. In 1916 a new wing was added to the main building, costing $100,000. The home is situated on 80 acres of land donated by the citizens of Colorado Springs. The entire property is valued at more than $1,000,000, and more than $1,600,000 has been spent in its maintenance.
                Dayton Typographical Union No. 57 maintains a suite of magnificently furnished offices in the Third Street Arcade building, where the members and their friends are welcome at all times, and where may be found the latest magazines and technical publications.
                Membership in the local union means a great deal to anyone, among which it may be mentioned:
                The 8-hour work day.
                Arbitration agreements which prevent strikes.
                Good working conditions with steady employment and good pay.
                Home for aged and disabled members.
                Old age pension.
                Mortuary payments.
                Sick benefits of $7.00 per week.
                Technical education and apprentice instruction.
 
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CARROLL SPRIGG
401 City Nat’l Bank Bldg., Dayton
 
                Judge Carrol Sprigg, as he is familiarly known to citizens of Dayton and Montgomery county, is one of the best-known members of the Montgomery county bar, a gentleman in whom citizens of all classes have the utmost confidence and respect and a citizen who has been identified at all times with the development of the city of Dayton. Carroll Sprigg served for six years as judge of the court of Common Pleas in this county and he made a record for himself and the high office to which he had been chosen by his fellow citizens that still stands out in the annuls of the courts of this county as being one of the most conspicuous in the country’s history. As a member of the judicial life of the county, Carroll Sprigg with a distinction that made an enviable name for him throughout this section. He represented the county on the Miami Conservancy court, the legal body that passed upon all legal matters which had to do with the development of flood prevention plans in the district. Judge Sprigg was presiding judge of this court during the tenure of office. At the last election Judge Sprigg decided to retire from his judicial office and take up his law business again. He has opened offices at the above address and has already developed a large clientele. He has many intimate friends among the members of organized labor unions. Citizens know Judge Sprigg as a gentleman of studious nature, exceptionally well versed in the study of law.
 
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GINT PERRY
940 E. Fifth St., Dayton
 
                Mr. Perry established his café four years ago and has since that time catered to the wants of an ever-increasing trade. Personally he is a most popular man and we have no hesitancy in urging our friends among the union boys to patronize him. Three years ago, before going into business for himself, he was with a similar concern on East Fifth street. He is an old-time union man and is deserving of the support and encouragement of organized labor at all times. He has lived in Dayton eight years and is a man of pleasing personality. Drop in and give him your business. He will appreciate it. Home phone, 2619.
 
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H. R. BLAGG & CO.
Dayton, Ohio
 
                If there is any one concern in the city of Dayton that stands out conspicuously in its particular field of activity it is H. R. Blagg & Co., building contractors, a concern that has been established here since 1915 and has grown in importance and prestige every week since. The building contracting business is an important one in this section of the state by reason of the centralization of high class industrial and business life in the MiamiValley. The demand has never decreased here in a quarter of a century for high class building work and we are glad to say at the very outset of this business review that among several concerns that are engaged in a similar line of activity, there is none that is in any way superior to the company we have mentioned above.
                H. R. Blagg is the secretary and manager of this concern, and personally Mr. Blagg is known not only all over Dayton, but in all the big building centers of the state as a gentleman who has years of experience back of him and is equipped in every way for handling any manner of contracting work in the building line. He is a practical business man who does business in a trustworthy manner and his record for efficient service speaks more eloquently of his ability and the ability of the concern which he manages, than any mere words we might use in this brief review.
                The company employs on the average, one hundred and fifty men, all of whom have had years of experience along the line of building contracting, so that patrons of the concern are assured, first of all, that they will have their work done by experts. There is no experimental features about the services rendered by H. R. Blagg & Co. They point with pride to some of their most recent pieces of work in Dayton and environment and it comes to our mind at just this time to say that the home of Governor James M. Cox, located in an admirable position on the hills overlooking the Cincinnati pike, south of the city, is one of the more recent contracts completed by H. R. Blagg & Co. Governor Cox’s home is, perhaps, the most costly and beautiful in southern Ohio. It has a fine natural setting amid the trees and is a conspicuous example of efficient and satisfactory work done by the concern we are writing about.
                Other more recent jobs finished in Dayton are the residences of J. D. Platt, P. D. Schenck and the factory buildings of the J. C. Groendyke company, of Miamisburg, the factory building of the Duriron company in Dayton, the handsome new Auditorium theater building, O. P. Klees Mineral Water factory.
                We want to say right here and now that the H. R. Blagg & Co. concern is a strictly union concern, operated under union rules and employing union men and this adds force to what we said before that anything this concern does for you will be reliably done. The company is held in the highest esteem by all members of organized labor and we haven’t the slightest hesitancy, in fact, we take a great deal of pleasure in asking the co-operation and good wishes of our friends in helping to bring the above mentioned concern into the prominence it deserves.
                The company stands high among the leading contracting concerns in the central states, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and others. Mr. Blagg was with the John Rouzer company for 25 years as secretary and general superintendent and is known to pretty nearly every trade unionist in the city. A development of this business means simultaneously a development of the cause of union labor and we want our friends among the boys to speak out as occasion affords, in favor of H. R. Blagg & Co.
 
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THE J. B. MOOS CO.
20 N. Main St., Dayton
 
                This concern deals in a wholesale and retail way with cigars, and it is one of the best-known companies in Ohio. Its trade is not limited simply to the city of Dayton, but extends in many ways to various sections of the county and neighboring counties. We have no hesitancy in recommending to our friends among the union boys that they give the J. B. Moos company a very liberal share of their cigar patronage. You will find the men who constitute this company ably represented in Dayton. They are citizens who have taken a prominent part in the development of the cigar manufacturing business and they are offering to our citizens the finest brand of cigars at the most reasonable figures. The J. B. Moos company is generally regarded as one of the most prominent concerns of its kind in southern Ohio and it has an ever-increasing business which attests to the high regard in which it is held in a business way. Give this concern a share of your business and be sure to get the best on the market. All products bought here are guaranteed to be the purest made in the tobacco and cigar line and the company is deserving of your business.
 
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WORLEY & KERST
1132 S. Wayne Ave., Dayton
 
                Just recently established, this modern and attractive café is already doing a prosperous business from all classes of people. The proprietors, Mr. Worley and Mr. Kerst, are widely known throughout the city and possess a large number of friends, who are pleased to notice their instantaneous success in their new venture. Especial conveniences have been installed at the café for the benefit of customers. Attendants are carefully chosen with a view toward their efficiency and congeniality. A full line of union-made cigars, tobaccos and all popular brands of cigarettes is carried in stock. From the excellent manner in which the café is regulated, it is a favorite gathering place for union men after the work and toil of the day. The proprietors are in full sympathy with the cause of organized labor and are in every way deserving of the support of working men. Mr. J. C. Worley, the manager of the café, was formerly proprietor of the “Clover Leaf” bowling alleys, of the same neighborhood.
 
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THE REYNOLDS HARDWARE CO.
1515 W. Third St., Dayton
 
                Any dealings you have with the above mentioned concern is bound to be of a satisfactory nature and we want to urge our friends to give the company a liberal share of their patronage. They do business in a way that is most pleasing; their prices are always right. Builders’ hardware is a specialty with the company and estimates are cheerfully furnished in this connection. Building papers of all kinds are kept in stock, also asphalt shingles. The concern carries a full and complete line of Anchor paints and Goodyear auto supplies. Electrical fixtures are also kept in stock, with the famous Mazda lamps. If is something that you require in the line of tools, cutlery, lawn seeds, lawn mowers, garden seeds, aluminum ware, granite ware, screen doors, poultry fences and the like, we don’t believe you can find a place in the city that is better equipped to take care of your wants. Give this concern a trial. They deliver, Home phone, 2059; Bell, Main 1059.
 
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C. E. WENGER
611 S. Wayne Ave., Dayton
 
                Gold Spread Oleomargarine is made by the Gen City Butterine company and it is one of the most popular articles on the market today. In fact, it is in great demand among our people and we want to urge those who have not availed themselves of the opportunity to make a purchase to satisfy themselves that what we say about it and what is claimed for it is correct. There is no oleomargarine as good as “Golden Spread.” It comes in 1, 2 and 5 pound cartons and is one of the most delightful things that appear on the table. The next time you go into a grocery store ask for “Golden Spread.” Home phone, 2162.
 
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CATHERINE W. SPATZ
445 N. Main St., Dayton
 
                The café of which the above mentioned woman is the proprietor, draws a large trade from all classes of people in the city, who know that they will invariably be given square treatment at this popular gathering place of the “boys.” Assuring active management of the place, Mrs. Spatz is now able to proudly say that her place of business is one of the best regulated in the GemCity. Courteous attendants there are at the place, as a matter of course. Every little detail that may add to the comfort of patrons is carefully looked after. A feature of the establishment is the fine line of high-grade union-made cigars and tobaccos that is always carried in stock. The proprietress has been noted for her friendly attitude toward the cause of organized labor, of which she is one of the staunchest supporters. Union men have therefore been liberal in giving her the proper share of their patronage. The café has been established three years.
 
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THE MONARCH ENGINEERING COMPANY
230-240 E. First St., Dayton
 
                In looking over the list of concerns in Dayton and the MiamiValley we do not find any of them that have done more to add luster and fame to the name of this city than The Monarch Engineering company. Although the firm came into existence less than a year age, it has won the popular favor in a most decided way during this brief period; so much so in fact that its business is enjoying now a healthy and continued growth and an ever-increasing demand for its products speaks eloquently of the splendid reputation which it has achieved in an industrial way. The Monarch Engineering company manufactures tools, dies, fixtures and screw machine products. The plant is modernly equipped throughout and the concern is thus able to handle in an efficient, prompt fashion any demands made upon it by the trade. The company operates thirty automatic and hand screw machines. F. A. Wagner is president; E. J. DeVille is vice-president; F. W. Gruen is secretary. These men, it might be well to mention at this particular time, are all gentlemen of high standing in the business world of which Dayton is the center. They are men who have had years of experience in their particular line of work and understand thoroughly every phase of the business in which they are engaged. The company guarantees its work to be first class in every respect and want to recommend it to our friends everywhere as being an important industry. It gives employment to fifty persons. This enterprise is heartily in sympathy with the labor movement when properly conducted and has never opposed the broad underlying principles of organized labor, but has shown itself to be manifestly fair minded and public spirited, and deserves the proper recognition in this review of honorably conducted enterprises in our midst worthy of our co-operation and support in every way.
 
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G. R. KINNEY CO. Inc.
114-116 E. Fourth St., Dayton
 
                There is no concern in Dayton engaged in a similar line of business that compares with the above mentioned business house. It is a solid, substantial, reliable company that is enjoying unusual prosperity. The G. R. Kinney company originated 20 years ago, and with their system of shoe selling they have attracted the masses of wage workers, so that they now operate sixty stores in nineteen states. In 1916 they sold over six million dollars’ worth of shoes and as many more in 1917, thereby saving their customers many thousands of dollars in their purchases of footwear. The crowds of customers who daily call at their store at 114 and 116 E. Fourth street is a concrete demonstration of their appreciation of being able to buy shoes at reasonable prices.
                In addition to distributing immense quantities of footwear to the working class at minimum prices, the firm also rewards its salespeople with a very liberal dividend, thus making each employe a well-paid, courteous booster for the company. F. E. Seeling, the local manager, has hosts of friends among the rank and file of organized labor.
 
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THE MARKET SAVINGS BANK
Wayne Ave. and Richard St., Dayton
 
                With resources of more than $1,000,000, this financial institution is rapidly taking rank as one of the foremost banking depositories of the GemCity. Capital is now $50,000 and the surplus $32,000, figures which go to show that the bank is on a firm financial foundation. T. H. Lienesch is president of the bank and W. H. J. Behm, secretary. Both are men highly respected in banking circles and well liked by all their associates and depositors, who now number far into the thousands. The directorate of the bank consists of Louis W. Prinz, George T. Johnston, Hon. Edward Phillips, Jacob C. Dressler, John C. Shea, W. F. Smith and W. M. Adelberger. Names of these well-known men are alone enough to give character and standing to the institution. The bank has been established eight years in its present location and has just completed a new, modern banking room, equipped with all the latest improved methods. Union men are heavy depositors in the bank.
 
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J. E. SAUM
108 N. Main St., Dayton
 
                Success in every glittering particular has been achieved by this popular Dayton business man, who is the proprietor of a large wholesale and retail confectionery establishment at the above mentioned address, located in the very center of the city. A complete line of high-grade candies and other confections is supplied the retail trade in large quantities by Mr. Saum. His modern and sanitary plant is well equipped to adequately fill all the numerous orders that constantly pour into his offices. In addition to the manufacturing and wholesale end of the business, Mr. Saum also maintains an attractive retail store and solicits the patronage of union men and their families. His active support of the cause of labor in the past has won him many friends among the working people. A purchase from this popular merchant invariably results in the making of a steady customer. Absolute satisfaction is always guaranteed.
 
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SCHAEFFER, GENGNAGEL & CO.
812-828 E. First St., Dayton
 
                We want to call attention to the fact that the above mentioned concern is one of the best known engaged in its particular line of business, in southern Ohio. It is a jobber and retailer in coal, sewer pipe and building material and its stock is generally conceded to be far superior to the stock of any other concern in this business in the city. Schaeffer, Gengnagel & Co., sell fire clay, cement, fire brick, flue-linings, plasters, chimney tops, charcoal, mortar colors, fireproof lathing, wall coping and line, in addition to the things mentioned above. Their main office is at 812 to 828 East First street, Bell phone, East 33 and Home phone, 3333. They have a SouthPark yard, corner Alberta and Caldwell streets. Bell phone, Main 733; Home phone, 3341 and a West Side yard, First street and Dale avenueBell phone, Main 173 and Home phone, 3354.
                This concern is equipped in every possible way for handling its ever-increasing business. It is owned and managed by men of superior ability along the lines suggested by the business in which they are engaged. They are men who have had years of experience and who have dealt with the public for years. We want to recommend to our friends among the members of organized labor and others that when they are in the market for any of the above company’s lines that they call up and give the Schaeffer, Gengnagel & Co. a liberal share of their patronage. We know you will be given consideration of a very high order here and that your wants will be looked after in a satisfactory manner. The conduct of a business of this character depends largely upon the result of satisfaction which the customer gets from his dealings with the company. In this respect the above mentioned company has been eminently successful. It has met every requirement of the trade.
 
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THE GEM CITY STOVE CO.
508 S. Linden Ave., Dayton
 
                In looking over the list of concerns that have by the very nature of their success brought additional honor and credit to this community, we find the above company among the best known. It was established in March, 1884, and the average number of employes is 50. The plant itself covers a city block and is one of the best equipped for making stoves and ranges in America. The concern makes stoves and ranges for all purposes and also manufactures heating furnaces. The Gem City Stove company makes the celebrated “Clermont,” “Success” and “Perfect” stoves and ranges, sold by the leading dealers throughout the country. The finest and best of co-operation exists between employers and employes at this plant and this is one of the reasons why the Gem City Stove company is able to furnish its customers and business concerns handling its products, the fine product that it does. We have no hesitancy in recommending this concern to members of organized labor unions, because we know it will please everyone. The cardinal principle upon which this concern operates is the disposition to entirely please its trade customers.
 
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WILLIAM J. SPRAUER
1301 E. Wyoming St., Dayton
 
                This well-known grocer is the proprietor of one of the most attractive and sanitary stores in his district. He makes a specialty of carrying only the highest grade groceries and the freshest and best meats. Since becoming established at his present location eight years ago, he has rapidly built up a large list of pleased customers, who no longer need to be taught where to go when they want the best on the market. Prices quoted by Mr. Sprauer are in particular very attractive to economical housewives, seeking the utmost in value for their money. Of great convenience is the free delivery service maintained at all hours of the day by the store. Emphasis is placed upon courtesy in all dealings with patrons, which detail is second only to a desire to please and give satisfaction. Union men will find it to their advantage to trade with this dealer, who has always been a staunch supporter of the cause of organized labor.
 
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DELSCAMP-ROEMHELDTCO.
118 N. Main St., Dayton
 
                This well-known Dayton business establishment carries a full line of high-grade paints, oils and glass. Established since 1913, the firm is now better prepared than ever to take care of the wants of its many hundreds of satisfied customers, who have found goods purchased at the store in the past very satisfactory and have learned where to go when they want the utmost value for their money. There is practically nothing in the line of paint that this store does not carry in stock, attractively displayed in a modern and up-to-date store, situated close to the heart of the city. Officials of the company are all widely liked, progressive business men, who know what it means to please the public and give satisfaction on every purchase, no matter how large or small. Fifteen persons are now given steady employment by the company, looking after the wants of patrons. Friendly is the cause of labor, the store should be given the support and trade of union men.
 
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BREENE, DWYER AND FINN
714 Mutual Home Bldg., Dayton
 
                In looking over the list of high class legal firms in Dayton, we are impressed almost immediately with the force which constitutes the above mentioned firm. It is composed of Frank Breene, Al J. Dwyer and Samuel Finn, three of the best known members of the Montgomery county bar, whose combined efforts as found in the law firm which they have formed, constitute one of the strongest legal organizations in southern Ohio. Messrs. Breene, Dwyer and Finn, previously to forming this partnership, had each in his own office a healthy prosperous patronage. They are all lawyers of strong standing in the community and have earned the respect and good wishes of many citizens by the splendid, personal, careful attention they have given to all cases which have come under their supervision. Frank Breene was city solicitor for the city of Dayton for four years, and during his incumbency in office he had Mr. Dwyer as an assistant. These four years were among the most pretentious in the history of the city and the city solicitor’s office was continually kept busy with many requests for interpretations of one kind or another relative to municipal matters. It is to the everlasting credit of the office during the incumbency of these men that everything was done in a business-like manner, satisfactory to other city officials and citizens alike and at the close of Mr. Breene’s administration, he was accorded a most generous commendation by the citizenship of Dayton. Mr. Finn, although not having practiced as long as the two other men, has enjoyed a wonderful success in the legal business. He was admitted to the bar in December of the year 1914. Attorney Finn has resided in the city of Dayton during his entire life thus far. He is a graduate of SteeleHigh School in the class of 1907 and he studied law under both Attorney Breene and Attorney Dwyer. In this way a close acquaintanceship and association was formed with the result that not so very long ago the three lawyers combined their offices and organized the above mentioned firm. You will find any service they render for their clients is of a very high order. They are careful, considerate and sympathetic and schooled as all three of them are in all points of law, their service, as may be readily understood, is available to those who consult them. We recommend this law firm to our friends among members of organized labor.
 
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STAR COAL AND CEMENT CO.
104-114 Wayne Ave., Dayton
 
                This is one of the pioneer institutions of its kind in the city, established as it was sixty-two years ago as the above name. About fifteen people are given employment here and the concern operates fourteen wagons and two automobile trucks. W. M. Adelberger is proprietor of the establishment. Wholesale and retail coal, cement, sewer pipe and builders’ supplies are kept constantly on hand and at prices that we believe will prove very attractive to you. We want to call special attention to the fact that this concern has always been accounted friendly to the cause of union labor. For this reason it is entitled to a liberal share of your business along these special lines and we want our friends to bear the Star Coal and Cement company in mind because we know you will always receive the finest of satisfaction in your dealings with the company. Mr. Adelberger is, personally, a well-known business man. He has for many years been associated with movements having to do with the development of the city and he is well regarded everywhere. His establishment is prominent in the city’s business life. .Bell, Main 217. Home, 2217.
 
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AMERICAN FOUNDRY & CASTING COMPANY
First and Harshman Sts., Dayton
 
                Of the younger industrial concerns in this city that are forging rapidly to the top and securing a strong foot-hold in this and neighboring communities, we are constrained to mention the American Foundry and Casting company. This concern was started in 1907 and now has seventy-five employes on its pay roll. The plant and yards cover two and one-half acres and the concern is engaged in the making of heavy iron castings and furnace parts, grate bars, etc. This is, beyond any doubt, the largest exclusive plant engaged in this kind of work in the city. Mr. Dietz and Mr. Wanner, who are officers of the company are well-known residents of this city and are held in the highest esteem by all who have come in contact with them in a business way. Their employes especially have the greatest regard for these two men. This concern is known far and wide because of its particular friendliness toward union labor and its plant is one of the best equipped in this or any other city. We want to especially commend the American Foundry and Casting company to our friends and others in this and neighboring communities who may be in the market for castings of this kind. All work is guaranteed to give satisfaction and we know from experience that the proprietors are very careful to see that all work done is done in a highly satisfactory manner. This is a concern that you can depend upon to give the kind of service you pay for, high class in every respect and conscientiously done. If you know of anyone here in Dayton or elsewhere who is in need of castings or foundry work of the kind this concern handles, we want you to recommend this company. Bell phone, East 29.
 
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ORA N. COVAULT
Main and WashingtonSts., Dayton
 
                Exceedingly popular with all residents of this district is the café run by the above mentioned business man at this prominent location near the heart of the city. Although established at his present place for only about one year, Mr. Covault, by his genial personality and willing desire to please his patrons, has built up a patronage almost unbelievable for the short time he has been in business. Persons wanting the best in eating should give the Covault café a trial as a first-class dining and grill room is maintained at the rear of the café proper. Six courteous and well-trained waiters are always at hand to administer to every want of patrons, who throng the place by the hundreds. Pleasing music is furnished. The large line of high-grade cigars and tobaccos, all union made, that is carried in stock at the place has attracted universal attention and has made more than one steady customer for Mr. Covault. The café is known as one of the best regulated in the city and is deserving of great praise from the strict, law-abiding element, to which it caters. Union men have found in the proprietor a confidential friend and supporter, who can always be relied upon to come to the aid of the cause of organized labor in times of need. For that reason, perhaps, union men declare the place an ideal spot to spend a few social hours after the day’s toil is over. The café is deserving of your support.
 
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THE RIVERSIDE EXCHANGE
140 River St., Dayton
 
                If you haven’t been in “Bomy’s” to get good eats, you’ve missed the place in Dayton. F. W. Bomhard is his name, everyone calls him “Bomy” and he is known in all sections of the city, because of the café and eating facilities which he offers to his trade. This café has a city-wide reputation. It is conducted in an orderly, cleanly manner and “Bomy” numbers his friends by the thousands, literally speaking. It is a great stunt, while out driving these warm summer days to drop into this place and get a fine sandwich of the kind that “Bomy” has made a reputation for making. In fact, it is a customary sight to see scores of automobiles lined up along “Bomy’s” place at River street, where Salem comes in. Mr. Bomhard, we might say in passing, is a great friend of the union working boys and he prides himself on his activity in behalf of the movements which have to do with the developing of the union affairs. He gives his café his personal and undivided attention and in this way his patrons are always assured of the finest sort of treatment possible. Drop in and see “Bomy.” He’ll appreciate a visit from you. Bell phone, Main 4540; Home, 4375.
 
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NEW CHARTER CLEANING CO.
425 S. Main St., Dayton
 
                Since embarking in the field of business about four years ago, Mrs. Schuler, the proprietress of this modern cleaning and pressing shop, has built up a large trade and at the same time a very high reputation for strict honesty and integrity in all her dealings. Her shop is now completely equipped to take care of all wants of her patrons in the way of cleaning, pressing and repairing clothes. Work done is of the highest grade and invariably calls for the approval and commendation of the patron. Prices at this shop are moderate and delivery of orders is done with an unusual degree of promptness and dispatch. You are sure of getting your clothes back on time, if you take them to this shop. Mrs. Schuler has in the past assumed a friendly attitude toward the labor cause and is entitled to the support of union men and their families, to whom a cordial welcome is always extended. You will not be disappointed in work done by this company.
 
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CRYSTAL RETAURANT
135 E. Third St., Dayton
 
                This is a strictly up-to-date, sanitary lunchroom for ladies and gentlemen, and it is, by the way, one of the most popular concerns of its kind in the city. Home cooking is a specialty with the CrystalRestaurant and Stoycos Brothers are the proprietors. We want to recommend to union workmen who are engaged in the neighborhood of this restaurant that they give the Crystal a liberal share of their patronage. We know you will be made to feel at home here, as soon as you step inside the door, and the service is first class in every respect. In fact, the proprietors aim at all times to please their patrons and they have succeeded in a remarkable way in doing this. Everything is cooked under the personal direction of the proprietors, who give their business their complete and undivided attention. Everything is served in season and cooked in a way that is bound to please. We have no hesitancy in recommending to union men that they make this place their headquarters for eating, because we know the restaurant caters to their trade in a most acceptable way. It is one of the best places to eat in the city. Home phone, 5722.
 
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HARVEY R. SPITLER
1918 West Third Street
 
                Mr. Spitler established his grocery 14 years ago and he carries in stock at all times a full and complete line of groceries and meats. He is a courteous, obliging business man who aims at all times to give his patrons the best possible service for their money. Home phone 5592; Bel M. 4258.
 
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ANSON & EHRHARD
3014 East Third Street
 
                This is a well-equipped barber shop and pool room and it is one of the most popular establishments in this section of the city. You will always find what you want here and the service is satisfactory. The place was started two years ago.
 
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JACKSON & WHITMER
1802 East Third Street
 
                This undertaking firm is one of the best known in the city of Dayton and Montgomery county. It has been established for a number of years and has made many friends by the first-class service which it renders its patrons. It is said to be the only undertaking and embalming concern in the city that handles union-made caskets, and the suits and dresses it handles are also union-made. When the sad times come in our lives and we are obliged to lay our loved ones away, it is a very comforting thing to recall that we have done the very best possible to make their sad parting so as to leave no room for regret. The firm of Jackson & Whitmer have distinguished themselves by the courteous manner in which they conduct their business, and the loving care which they exercise in carrying out the wishes of the family of the deceased. The concern is equipped in every way with modern devices. Besides this they are in a position to furnish fine coaches for all occasions at prices you will be sure to find correct in every particular. Motor or horse-drawn vehicles are used in the conduct of funerals, and the concern has a private chapel in connection with its parlors, for burial services that may be conducted here. In fact we do not know in the city of Dayton a firm engaged in this line of business better equipped for caring for your wants than this one. Bell phone 232, Home 3613.
 
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O. E. EVANS
415 East Third Street
 
                When it comes to vulcanizing work you have to think first of the above gentleman, who succeeded to the business of B. L. Green Tire Co. prompt and efficient service is pointed out as one of the characteristics of this concern, and we have no hesitancy in recommending to our friends that they give this company a very liberal share of their business. Mr. Evans thoroughly understands the business. Ford accessories always carried on hand. The concern repairs all makes of tires and tubes and carries a full line of accessories. Home 3479. Bell Main 3369.
 
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THE BANK RESTAURANT
1927 East Third Street
 
                H. V. Clare is the proprietor of the above mentioned establishment, one of the most popular and successful of its kind in the city. It was established 15 months ago and caters to a highly satisfied patronage. You may always depend upon what you eat at this place being properly cooked and served. Clean cooking is one thing that Mr. Clare insists upon and you will make no mistake in giving this Bank Restaurant a generous share of your business. Popular prices prevail at this eating place and it is patronized by a busy, business citizenship that appreciate good cooking and proper service.
 
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HOEFLER & STOECKLEIN
532 Keowee Street
 
                This concern, established last October, deals in coal, cement, sewer pipe and builders’ supplies, and also reinforced steel. Frank J. Hoefler and William E. Stoecklein are the proprietors, two immensely popular citizens. Mr. Stoecklein is at present in the service of Uncle Sam as first lieutenant in the ordnance department. Mr. Hoefler has been engaged in this line of business for 15 years, being with the Schaeffer-Gengnagle Co. for a considerable time. If it is something you require in their line we do not know a single place in Dayton where you will be better cared for. Phones, Home 3266, Bell East 266.
 
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GEORGE SUPENSKY
Monument Ave. and Keowee St., Dayton
 
                We want to call particular attention to the café owned and operated by the above named gentleman. It is one of the popular meeting places in this section of the city and makes especial appeal to the members of organized labor. It was established in 1910. It is located just across the street from the Barney & Smith car shops, and is operated in a first-class manner. You will always find a line of first-class union cigars here. Mr. Supensky is known as a friend of the boys. In fact, many of the union men drop in here during the day and night and enjoy the hospitality for which the place is noted. Home phone 12234.
 
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CLARENCE RABE
702 East Xenia Avenue
 
                Here is a café that has become very popular with citizens in the East End. Mr. Rabe is, personally, a most likeable gentleman, and he has drawn hundreds of patrons to his place of business through the cordial and cheery disposition which he possesses. He handles a full line of union-made cigars and tobaccos and furnishes a nice lunch. Union men will find Mr. Rabe a great friend. He has always stood by the workingmen in their progress of advancement, and if you have never met him, we want you to drop in and make his acquaintance. He employs one man and has a first-class establishment.
 
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FRED G. WUICHET
724 Richard St., Dayton
 
                We want to call especial attention to Mr. Wuichet’s café, which is generally regarded as one of the most modern, up-to-date and respectable in this section of the city. Mr. Wuichet was established in business five years ago, and is immensely popular with the members of organized labor, who look upon him as a friend at all times. This café is justly popular. Mr. Wuichet has given it his personal attention and is always particular to see that his patrons’ wants are met in a satisfactory way. Many of the working boys delight to drop in here because they are always assured of a cordial welcome. Home phone 3342.
 
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LYLE T. ALEXANDER
1940 East Richard Street
 
                This store is one of the most popular in the city, handling a full and complete line of groceries, meats, vegetables, etc. It was established eight years ago by Mr. Alexander and numbers its friends and patrons by the score. We suggest especially to our union friends that they drop in and give this man a liberal share of their business. He will appreciate their trade and give every evidence of it in his cordial, courteous methods of doing business. He gives his trade his entire and undivided attention and caters to their wants fully.
 
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JOSEPH H. ZOELLER
101 South Goodhue Avenue
 
                Prominent among the cafes in this vicinity is the one conducted by Joseph H. Zoeller, a popular meeting place for the boys of organized labor. You will find a good lunch at all times, and the most cordial atmosphere. Mr. Zoeller has been established in business for one and one-half years and he has increased his list of friends by the score, due to his cordial disposition and his desire to at all times serve his patrons in the most acceptable manner. We have no hesitancy in recommending this café because we know it is a most desirable place to greet your friends.
 
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P. E. SULLIVAN
Xenia Pike, East of Smithville Road
 
                This furnace establishment of Mr. Sullivan has justly earned the high position it now holds in the minds of our citizens. Mr. Sullivan himself is a practical, expert furnace man, whose life work for many years, since 1890, has been devoted to this kind of service. His business was really established in 1859, and is one of the oldest in this section of the city. If there is anything you want done to your furnace, now that spring has come again, see Mr. Sullivan. He will do your work for you in a satisfactory manner and his charges are reasonable. Phones, Home 5080, and Bell, East 473.
 
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CHARLES RADDATZ, JR.
1558 East McLain Street
 
                The bakery owned and operated by the above mentioned gentleman is one of the best known in the city. It was established 26 years ago and is completely equipped in every respect. All modern equipment is used by the proprietor in making his place attractive, and the character of his products is unexcelled. We urge our friends among the union men to give this bakery a liberal share of their patronage. You will always be satisfied with any purchases you make here. They are guaranteed. The proprietor gives his business his personal attention.
 
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M. H. SHOEMAKER
1135 East Xenia Avenue
 
                We want to say this for Mr. Shoemaker, his drug store is one of the best in this section of the city. Giving, as he does, his personal attention to the development of this business, naturally he has attracted hundreds of steady customers. He carries a full line of drugs, sundries, union-made cigars and tobacco, cigarettes, etc., and also has a fresh line of candies at all times. He conducts an up-to-date prescription drug store, where all manner of drug necessities may be purchased at reasonable prices. This store is entitled to a liberal share of the patronage of the union men.
 
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EAST DAYTON TOOL AND DIE COMPANY
2915 East Fifth Street
 
                This concern has been established for three and one-half years, and Mr. Rauch is the general manager. It is engaged in the manufacturer of forming tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, metal patterns, special machinery, stampings and inventor’s models, and we do not know a concern in this city better equipped for doing this kind of work. The company is regarded as friendly to the cause of union labor and is engaged in enlarging its plant constantly to meet the ever-increasing demands for its product. We want our friends to give the East Dayton Tool and Die company their business. Bell phone E. 1923.
 
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THE E. RAUH & SONS CO.
1 to 25 Pitts Street
 
                Here is one of the oldest and most established business concerns in Ohio. It makes a specialty in hides, pelts, etc., and was founded fifty years ago and developed by the late Leopold Rauh, one of Dayton’s pioneer residents, and a man of unquestioned faith in the future of the city and of sterling integrity. Mr. Rauh died January 20, 1915, having lived to see the business he started, developed to one of the most prosperous and successful in Southern Ohio. The concern employs between 12 to 15 men. Mr. Rauh, its founder, was for two years vice president of the Dayton Chamber of Commerce and was at all times identified with all public movements having to do with the development of Dayton. When he was active in the business he was always regarded as fair-minded toward labor union, and was held in high esteem by those who worked for him. Leopold Rauh was one of the few citizens to whom fell the honor of signing the charter giving Dayton the best form of city government in the world. He succeeded his father, E. Rauh, as head of the concern, and about 23 years ago started the plant of the Egry Register Co., which is today one of Dayton’s most conspicuous industrial successes. The son, Elmer Rauh, has, since his father’s death, been in charge of the Egry Register Co. Lately Mr. Rauh has been serving in the United States army, with credit to himself and his city. Milton Rauh has taken over his interests in general and he has proved in every way friendly to the cause of organized labor.
 
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DAISY L. ROTT
2052 South Wayne Avenue
 
                This woman’s dry goods store is one of the most popular establishments in this section of the city. It has been doing business in this immediate neighborhood for the last eight years. Dry goods and men’s furnishings of all kinds are carried in stock.
 
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THE SCHULTZ PHARMACY
2601 East Third Street
 
                We want to call attention at just this time to one of the well-known and justly popular concerns in the East End of the city, the Schultz Pharmacy, established one year ago, but already holding an immense popularity with the citizenship of this section. Mr. William H. Schultz, who owns and operates this establishment, is a young man of much ability and already has proved most popular. His personality is such that he easily holds his friends and his store has made considerable of a name for itself by reason of the excellent services which it renders and the prices which are always found to be just right. Everything usually found in a first-class drug store may be found at the above-mentioned pharmacy. Mr. Schultz has given his personal and undivided attention to the business and has built up a trade that is little short of marvelous. You will always find your wants taken care of in a most considerate manner, and the proprietor endeavors at all times to please his patrons. If you have not become acquainted with this pharmacy we want our friends of the union labor to drop in and give it your patronage.
 
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THE WEST SIDE LUMBER CO.
1827 West Third Street
 
There is no lumber concern in this section that stands higher in the public esteem than the one mentioned herewith. It was established about twenty years ago and has since that time, filled a most important place in the business life of this city. C. E. Bice is president and P. A. Bice vice president of the concern. It handles in a general way sash, doors, blinds, interior finish, stair work, store fronts, shingles, lath, building paper, rubber roofing, etc., and you will always find this concern prompt in filling its orders and at prices that cannot be equaled in the city. The West Side Lumber Company has gained considerable prominence in Dayton by reason of its splendid service, and we have no hesitancy at all in recommending to those who are in need of anything in its particular line that they call up and get estimates from this concern first. It is a Dayton company, which has built up its patronage in Dayton, and it is worthy the respect and patronage of all Dayton citizens. We want our friends among the union labor men to give this company a very liberal share of their patronage when in need of lumber. Bell phone 525, Home 2525.
 
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SAMUEL ANDREWS
720 South Wayne Avenue
 
                This gentleman is engaged in the well drilling business and has 30 years of experience back of him. Give him your business when you want this work done.
 
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NICHOLAS MILLER
134 North Kiser Street
 
                This gentleman operates one of the best known and most popular stores in this section of the city, and has been in business for nine years. At the above location he has been established the last five years. He has two employes. Mr. Miller carries in stock a full line of staple groceries, meats, tobacco and also has a department for dressing meats, slaughtering, etc., for the public and his particular trade. We want our friends to give this store a liberal share of their patronage, because it well merits your trade. Prices are always right and the service is A-1 in every respect.
 
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THE PASTEUR-CHAMBERLAND COMPANY
408 East Ray Street
 
                This concern was established 32 years ago and numbers 50 persons among its employes. It is engaged in a general foundry business and machine work, tools, dies, jigs, stamping, etc., metal spinning, electro-plating. William Grether is president of the company. F. E. Grether is vice president; I. C. Beuckelaere, secretary and treasurer; F. H. Hartzell, superintendent. The concern is friendly to the cause of labor. Mr. Hartzell recently joined the company, being formerly with the Crown Hardware Manufacturing company. This is a progressive, wide awake Dayton concern that enjoys a splendid success.
 
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JOHN RADVANSKI
444 North Keowee Street
 
                Mr. Radvanski owns and operates the Gold Mine Café, one of the popular places in North Dayton. He established his business four years ago, but has been in the business eight years. He has one employe. Mr. Radvanski serves an excellent lunch and his meals are really a delight to the workingmen who drop in to partake of them. We recommend this café to our friends as one of the finest and most desirable in this part of the city, and if you have never met the proprietor we want you to drop in and make his acquaintance. He numbers his friends by the score.
 
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WILLIAM WORST
543 Keowee Street
 
                The café owned and conducted by the above mentioned gentleman is generally regarded as being one of the best and most popular in this section of the city. Mr. Worst has lived in Dayton 15 years, and has been in business for 21 years, for the last 13 years at the above mentioned address. He is well known among the union boys, and has their complete confidence. His place is a popular meeting place for the union boys of this district. Drop in and see him when in this neighborhood. Full line of union-made cigars. He is friendly in the cause of the boys, and has always stood by them.
 
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ARTHUR WEISBACH
531 East Third Street
 
                The restaurant owned and operated by this gentleman is one of the best patronized in this section of the city. It was established four years ago and caters to a fine trade. Workingmen like to eat at this place.
 
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NORTH DAYTON IRON AND METAL COMPANY
542 North Keowee Street
 
                This concern was established seven years ago and has been at the above location one and one-half years. Ben Kopelove is the owner and he employs three and four men. He deals in scrap iron, rags, rubber, metals and paper stock, and is the only concern in this line in this section of the city. He is a friend of the boys and a former union painter. He believes in the labor union cause. We want our friends to give this man and his concern all the help they can, because we know he is deserving of your interest and your patronage. Home telephone, 14554.
 
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HOWARD SCHROAF
West Xenia Pike, Mt.Anthony
 
                This gentleman is known for miles around because of the splendid services which he renders at his café. The place of business was established in 1909, at the present location and Mr. Schroaf is known far and wide as a friend of the workingman. As a matter of fact he numbers among his most intimate friends many of the boys, and the union men like to drop into his place and share in the good times enjoyed there. If you have never met this gentleman we want you to make it your business to meet him the next time you are in his neighborhood.
 
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URBAN J. ZIMMER
370 East Xenia Avenue
 
                As a merchant tailor, Mr. Zimmer has few equals and no superiors in the city. He established his business eight years ago and gives employment to three people. Ladies’ and gentlemen’s dry cleaning is done here under skilled direction and you may always rest assured that any work done by this man will be satisfactorily done. Cleaning, pressing and repairing are features of his business which we especially recommend to the careful trade. We invite our friends to give Mr. Zimmer a generous share of their business. He is deserving of it and is friendly to the cause of union labor. Home phone 5923.
 
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E. T. WRIGHT
McLain and Miami Streets
 
                This gentleman has a first-class grocery and meat store and one that commends itself very highly to the trade. It was established five years ago at the present place, and its stock is full and complete in every respect. We commend this store to our friends. Home phone 2845. Union men will find this gentleman always very friendly to the cause.
 
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G. D. BRADFORD
314 Xenia Ave., Corner Viot St.
 
                Here is a first class drug store, whose appointments are in every way perfect and whose facilities for giving its patrons the very best service possible are unexcelled. Mr. Bradford has been in business here for the last ten months and he has already built up an exceptionally thriving business, founded on careful attention to the wants of his trade. Everything in the line of drugs and confections, usually carried in a high class store are to be found here and we invite our union friends to give this man a liberal share of their business.
 
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CARL F. SEEGER
301 East Xenia Avenue
 
                Mr. Seeger has not so very long ago taken over the management of the old, well-established Seeger grocery, and he carries in stock at all times a full and complete line of groceries, meats and vegetables. His store is generally recognized by the trade as being first class in every respect and acceptable in every way to the patrons. Mr. Seeger gives his business his personal and undivided attention and insists upon all times of giving his customers complete satisfaction. He is friendly to the cause of union labor and we have no hesitancy in recommending this store to the labor union boys. Give him some of your business.
 
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BRAUN BROTHERS
Quitman and Pierce Streets
 
                Established four years ago, this concern is one of the best known in this neighborhood, dealing in groceries and meats. It has, in fact, established an enviable reputation for first class, efficient service to its patrons and as a result is enjoying a prosperous trade. We have no hesitancy in recommending Braun Brothers’ store to our friends among the labor union men, because we know you will get every possible satisfaction out of your purchases. This concern aims first and all the time to please its patrons and you will discover this to be the case when once you become a customer. Bell phone E. 2153; Home 4153.
 
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AUGUST A. KAELIN
431 East Xenia Avenue
 
                This gentleman established his business last June and deals in fish, oysters and game in season. Mr. Kaelin is an expert along these lines and we know from experience that any purchase you make here will be satisfactory in every respect. This gentleman aims above all things to please his customers and this he does. He has developed a most prosperous and thriving business at the above address and we urge our friends among the laboring men to drop in and give the store a liberal share of their business. You will find anything here to your satisfaction and be glad to have made your purchases of Mr. Kaelin.