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Industrial Advantage of Dayton, Ohio and Environs
Part One



Wholesale Grocers, 116 North Main Street


As a leading representative of the wholesale grocery trade here, we not the house of Messrs. Weakley, Worman & Co., established in 1866, and occupying a position of the first importance in this line of trade in the State.  They occupy a substantial four-story building, 25 x 100 feet in dimensions, and located in the center of the business portion of the city, and in every way conveniently arranged for the business, a water-power elevator connecting the various floors.  Their stock consists of everything coming under the head of groceries, including teas, coffees, spices, canned goods, grocers’ drugs and sundries, tobaccos, etc.  Their immense stock receives daily replenishment, and is always full and complete in every department.  Their facilities are such that they are certainly enabled to offer the best goods to the trade, always at the lowest current rates, their connections with the manufacturers, producers, importers, and first hands generally being of the most intimate character, and their large scale operations enable them to take every advantage of the fluctuations of the markets.


The firm employs nineteen clerks, assistants, and salesmen, five of the latter representing the house on the road to their trade throughout southern Ohio and parts of Indiana, to which sections they judiciously confine their operations, thus holding their patronage well in hand, and competing favorably with houses from points further afield.


The members of the firm are Messrs. T.J. Weakley, Walter Worman, and H.H. Weakley, gentlemen thoroughly familiar with their business, honorable in their dealings, taking a public-spirited interest in all that pertains to the welfare of the city, and prominently identified with many of the important industries of Dayton.




Manufacturers are Pure Putty, Canal Street, between Second and Third Streets.  E.C. Boyer, Manager.


Although putty is a very every day article of consumption, and although, perhaps, the majority of people know of what ingredients it is made, it nevertheless requires a great deal of care in making and the utilization of special machinery and appliances.  The above enterprise engaged in the manufacture of putty has been established since 1875, when it was instituted by the late Mr. J.W. McSherry, the present style of the house dating from 1887, since which time it has been under the management of Mr. E.C. Boyer.  The operation of the business entails the utilization of a floor in the brick building at the address as above indicated, as well as steam power for operating the appliances.  The putty here made is warranted pure, and manufactured from the very best of ingredients-linseed oil and whiting-and is the best in the market.  The manufacture of this article as carried on here contains only the best of the purest whiting and linseed oil, the latter being made here in the city.  The goods are put up in cans, buckets, bladders and bulk, and such is the high reputation of the goods for superiority that a demand has arisen for them from all over the states of Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, Michigan, Kentucky, and Tennessee, and the sale is annually increasing.




Car Builders, Monument Avenue.


It would be practically impossible, outside of the limits of a special volume of its own, for the Barney & Smith Manufacturing Company to expect anything like real justice being done to what is certainly the most extensive manufacturing enterprise of Dayton, and the largest but one of the kind in the world.  That this company has done more to direct the attention of the public to Dayton, as a favorable site for manufacturing operations, than any other, can not be questioned by anyone having the slightest pretentions to being called a traveler, and in fact for many years Dayton was but little known outside of its immediate limits, except as being the site of the Soldiers Home and an extensive car building factory.


Any person familiar with the city of Dayton a third of a century ago or more, will remember the small plant and equipment which, at that time, represented the colossal present establishment.  The works as now operated are a transformation wonderful as great, and almost magical.  No lucky combination of circumstances, however, has brought about this change.  It has been secured by the most indomitable will, careful attention, a masterly knowledge of the minutest details, the careful accounting in every department, and the production of a superior class of work.


The original date of the inception of this enterprise goes back to the year 1849, when the country was not covered as now by a complete network of railroads in every direction, and with the development of railroad interests this business has grown and expanded, keeping abreast of the times and anticipating all improvements in car building.  From time to time it has become necessary to enlarge its facilities with a corresponding increase of its capital, and to-day the amount of its paid up stock is one million dollars.


The words are located in the north-east part of the city and naturally are the most extensive proportions.  The entire area occupied is about thirty-five acres.  The plant may be divided into a number of general departments, each devoted to specific branches of operations.  The shops are chiefly of brick, varying from one to four stories in height, and the entire plant is grid-ironed with narrow gauge tracks for transporting material, etc.  The office is a two-story structure, the upper part being devoted to the draughting and designing department.  There is a very large foundry fitted up with every convenience and with a capacity for producing many tons of castings daily.  The machine shop proper is on three floors, and there are forge and blacksmith shops, car-wheel shops, axle works, a brick shop for putting the tracks together ready to build the cars  upon, a three story brick wood working shop and planning mill.  The freight car erecting shop has space for sixteen cars, daily, besides which the company has facilities for turning out one passenger coach each day.  In the paint shop the workmen are enabled to paint and decorate eight cars simultaneously, and there are also additions at each side allowing of conveniences for eight more.  The erecting shops are each one story high with basement, and they are connected with two and three story buildings where the material is prepared.  There are of course a number of other structures in addition to those we have referred to, but as before stated, a minute description of each department of this colossal establishment would of itself fill this entire volume.  The machinery of the whole plant embodies the latest improvements in every department, and the power to operate it is obtained from four large steam engines, the united capacity of which is about 600 horse power.  The works present a perfect hive of industry, and include almost every branch of mechanical art.  Thus here maybe found car-builders, machinists, founders, cabinet makers, turners, blacksmiths, spring makers, upholsterers, painters, ornamental painters, tinners, plumbers, gas and steam fitters, carpenters, and many other artificers.  The various departments of the works entail the services of about fifteen hundred mechanists, the wages to pay these constituting a very important item in the make up of the city’s thrift and resources.


The company are manufacturers of calls of all descriptions for railroads from the ordinary flat freight car up to the most elegantly constructed and artistically furnished rolling palace.  Some of the private cars they have built to special order have been pronounced magnificent works of art, and contains within themselves are accommodation, equal to those afforded at the most luxurious hotels or on board the finest of ocean steamships.  In these magnificent flying homes may be found boudoir, sleeping apartments, kitchen fitted with complete cooking appliances, ice chest, cutlery, bedding, and in fact, every possible convenience.  The company also builds the finest of sleeping cars, and those built for the Canadian Pacific Railway, and the directors car made for the Kentucky Central, were models of art and beauty.  Manufacturing, as before said, every kind of railroad car, it will be quite unnecessary for us to further enumerate them.  It will be sufficient for our purpose to show that such an establishment is conducted here, in the hope that our remarks may promote a more general knowledge of an enterprise the success of which has had such a vital bearing upon the well-being of so many operatives, and through them upon the prosperity of the community.


The cars built by this company are at the present time in motion all over the continent, conveying thousands of passengers from point to point, either in the pursuit of pleasure or recreation, or intent in the eager rush of business life, while miles of their freight cars are crossing and recrossing the country loaded with the productions of manufactories and prairies to fill the innumerable wants of our great population.


The following are the officers of the company: E.J. Barney. President; J.D. Platt, Vice President and Treasurer; F.E. Smith, Secretary, and A.M. Kittridge, Superintendent.

It would be simply superfluous for us to add one word in commendation of this company, their present position is too solid proof of their enterprise and success, and the character of their products has been fully attested by the demand which their inherent merits have created for them.

American car construction is not equaled to in the world, and the Barney & Smith Manufacturing Company, of Dayton, Ohio, stand at the head of the trade.




Manufacturers of Engines, Boilers and Tanks, Office 28 South St. Clair Street, Works Findlay Street.


The above enterprise, one of the most extensive in the city, was established many years ago, the present company having been incorporated in January, 1888.  The plant, located in the extreme eastern part of the city, covers several acres, and comprises a frame boiler shop, partly 300x60 feet, and several other buildings of large dimensions, all of them recently erected, with the exception of the boiler shop – made necessary by the destruction of their former works by fire the past year.  While this was a great loss to the company, their new plant and facilities have been greatly increased and improved, placing them in the field better prepared than ever to do a very extensive business.  The mechanical equipment throughout is entirely new and of the most improved character, and when in full operation, will furnish employment to about 300 workmen.  The products of the company consist of engines of all descriptions, saw mills, boilers, tanks and sheet iron and plate iron work of all kinds.


Their saw mill machinery practically embraces everything that may be needed in this line, and they are enabled to equip saw mills complete or in part as may be required.  Although of course restricted at he present time in their production, they have been tendered any quantity of orders, and when the new plant is in operation, they will no doubt be pushed to their full capabilities.


The trade of the company is very widespread, extending all over the United States, and goods are shipped to Mexico and some other foreign countries.

The officers of the company are Messrs. J.R. Brownell, President; D.H. Dryden, Vice-President; S.A. Harper, Secretary and Treasurer; E.A. Vance, Bookkeeper, and O.W. Ludlow, General Agent, well known residents of Dayton and gentlemen possessing ample experience and capabilities for conducting the enterprise successfully.  The influence of a concern giving employment to so large a force of workmen is exerted for the general thrift in a marked degree, while the high character of its products has done much to promote the industrial interests of the city where it has found a congenial field for its operations.




Manufacturers of Wheels, Hubs, Spokes & c., 508 to 518 East Third Street.

            The present high state of perfection in manufactures has only been possible through a diversified industry.  The manufacture of many articles of utility has been facilitated and the cost materially lessened by means of division of labor.  Scarcely any branch of industry better illustrates the fact than the manufacture of weapons and carriages.  Fifty years ago the various parts of a wagon or carriage were made in one shop, the same set of hands producing all the parts.  To-day the operations of the wagon or carriage maker are scarcely more than to unite and finish the work of several other factories.

            The house of Messrs. Zwick, Greenwald & Co., (Limited), was established in 1881, and they have since made a high reputation throughout the country for the superiority of their products.  The plant is located at the above address, and covers an area 200 x 190 feet in dimensions, occupied with a number of buildings utilized in the various departments of the enterprise.  All of the best mechanical contrivances and machinery are here in operation, and a force of about sixty skilled workmen are afforded employment.  The house manufactures wheels of all kinds for carriages, also hubs, spokes, etc., and their goods are known throughout the country for their uniform high quality.  One of their specialties is the Bradley Wheel, which in its construction embodies all improvements, including the compression of the wood of the spokes before driving into the hub, and which then expands and makes the whole stronger than even if the whole wheel was carved out of one solid piece.  The products of this establishment are shipped to all parts of the country, the South excepted, and as evidence of their excellence, and the satisfaction that they have given to the trade, we will mention that the company has received many letters of approval, testifying to the high quality, character, usefulness and superiority of the goods.  In fact, this is not extraordinary if we take into consideration the facts that the greatest care is being used, and the highest skilled labor employed.  Another point that should not be ignored in regard to the products of this house is that Dayton affords every advantage to enable the goods to be economically produced.  The number of which the wheels are made is procured contiguous to the city, and a splendid system of railroad facilities assures low freights and direct communication with all parts of the country.

            The officers of the company are gentlemen who devote their closest attention and supervision to the operations of the works.  We may remark in conclusion that this house has achieved a position in the trade which is in the highest degree, satisfactory, and our readers who may be concerned will find their interests greatly advanced by investigating the facilities and terms of this establishment before elsewhere placing their orders.



Office Southwest Corner of Third and Jefferson Streets.

            The “Clingman” Gas Machine is an appliance which possesses marked features of superiority over other similar contrivances, and in which economy, safety, simplicity and durability are combined to so great a degree as to have created for it a reputation of a most extended character.

            The original inception of the business goes back to the year 1877 when it was established by Mr. John Clingman, the designer and inventor of the appliance, the present company being organized during the latter half of the past year.  The offices are located at the above address and the warerooms are situated in the Beaver & Butt Building on St. Clair Street, all operations are being supervised by Mr. Clingman to insure accuracy and perfection.

            The Clingman Gas Machine is designed especially for lighting isolated buildings, or those situated beyond the reach of the coal gas mains of cities or natural gas supply.  It is also adapted where artificial or natural gas is used, as the machine enriches the coal or natural gas by passing it through the carburetor, freeing it from odor or smoke and causing it to give a purer, brighter and more economical light.  It is an automatic, simple apparatus, not liable to get out of order and requires little care or skill to manage, it occupies little space, is easily set up and alike adapted for lighting the largest mill, factory, hotel or public building, or the smallest dwelling, is reliable at all seasons of the year, working equally well winter and summer.  IT IS SAFE – no fire being used to manufacture the gas, and buildings being lighted by it may be insured at the same rates as those lighted by coal gas.

            Gas is made by this machine by simply forcing a current of air through a body of gasoline, and coming in contact with its vapor, the combination of the two elements producing a gas which is then carried through pipes and conveyed to any part of the building requiring illumination, and it burns with a clear, white and agreeable light fully equal to the best coal gas.

            The machine consists of two parts, an air pump and a carburetor.  The pump can be located in the basement or any other convenient part of the building, and the carburetor in any desirable location outside, two or three feet below the surface of the ground incased in a brick chamber buried in the earth, thus avoiding the slightest risk of danger and keeping the gasoline at an even temperature.

            The action of the pump forces the air into the carburetor where, in its passage, it becomes carbureted and enters the pipes in the building.  The machine is self-regulating and is in operation only when the gas is turned on in the home, stopping the moment the gas it turned off.  One of the great advantages the Clingman has over all other gas machines is the floating carburetor, the only correct principle by which gas can be produced of a quality that can be successfully burned in open burners, giving a light clear and free from odor and smoke.  The floating carburetor is divided up into many compartments in which the gas is generated, and it always maintains the same space above the body of the gasoline thereby producing a gas of uniform quality and quantity.

            The apparatus is put up in all respects in accordance with the regulations approved by the insurance companies, who fully recognize its safety and immunity from any increased risk of fire.

            About five gallons of gasoline make a thousand feet of as at a cost of less than eighty cents per thousand, or less than one-half the usual charge for coal gas. The Clingman Gas Machine is no new or untried appliance, but it has been in use in almost ever State in the Union for the past twelve years and they have always given entire satisfaction.

            The officers of the company are Mr. Daniel L. Bates, President; John Clingman, Vice President; B.F. Hargrave, Secretary, and W.H. Roney, Treasurer.  These are all well known and prominent members of the community.  The company invites correspondence and will cheerfully respond to all enquiries.



Manufacturers and Jobbers of Paper and Twine, Calahan Court.

            As an illustration of the mercantile establishments of prominence in this city we instance the house of Messrs. H.E. Mead & Co.  This enterprise was established in 1877 and to-day it is transcribing a large business the ramifications of which spread all over the United States generally, the bulk of their straw paper being sold in the Eastern markets.  These premises occupied consist of the first floor and part of the upper floors in the building at the above address, which is 80x100 feet in dimensions.  Every convenience is here at hand which could facilitate the operations, including steam power for printing presses by means of which the wrapping paper is printed as many as may be required.  The firm manufactures book, news and wrapping paper of various grades and qualities, twine and other mercantile necessaries.  In every department their facilities are complete, enabling them to enter into the race for patronage under the most favorable conditions.  They employ on the premises a force of about thirty assistants and operatives in addition to a number of traveling men on the road who, within the circuit of the firm’s operations, attend to the outside trade of the house.

            It is with pleasure that we accord this house a prominent place in these pages, which is due not only to its complete facilities, but also because of the strictly upright and liberal minded business policy which has always been characteristic of its operations and management.



Terry & Porterfield Tobacco Company, Manufacturers of “Silver Moon” Fine Cut and “Scout” Smoking Tobaccos, Fourth and St. Clair Streets.

            The natural and acquired advantages of the city of Dayton have contributed to make it a manufacturing and distributing point of great importance.  Centrally located, with nearly a dozen railroad lines stretching forth in every direction, it has become essentially a favorable location for the prosecution of almost every branch of industrial endeavor.

            Availing itself of these advantages, our attention is directed to the enterprise of Terry & Porterfield Tobacco Co., which, established in 1885, has adopted its present designation since the last year.  For the purpose of carrying on the business, premises are utilized at the above location which comprises a five story brick building, 35x100 feet in dimensions, which is admirably arranged and provided with all conveniences suited to the business, including the latest approved appliances, steam power being utilized to facilitate the work, and a force of about twenty-five skilled workers being employed.

            The company are manufacturers of fine cut and smoking tobaccos, which are made according to the best methods from selected leaf chosen with the greatest care.  The house makes a specialty of the production of fine goods, although all grades are made as required.  Their products are well known, especially by the title of their leading brands of “Silver Moon” chewing, and “Scout” smoking tobacco. The goods can be relied upon as pure and well made in every respect, and have gained for the house a well merited reputation within the radius of their trade operations, which extends throughout Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, Tennessee and Kentucky.

            The proprietors of the business, Messrs. James Terry and J.C. Porterfield are gentlemen possessing a complete knowledge of the trade and what is best suited to its demands.  They have built up an extensive patronage owing mainly to their policy, and scrupulously maintaining already high standard of their goods, which are invariably found as represented.  The establishment of an enterprise of this character in Dayton must certainly not be ignored to the make up of her material wealth and resources, adding largely as it does to her reputation for being considered as a market and a source of supply for high class commodities.



Manufacturers of Whips, Third & Wyandot Streets

            The Dayton Whip Company was incorporated October, 1888, the original establishment here dating from the year before.  It entered upon its career with every advantage and facility, resulting already in a very large trade, as dealers realize the inducements offered.  The factory consists of a new four-story brick building, 40 x 80 feet in dimensions.  It has recently been erected specially for this purpose, and it is equipped in a manner which leaves nothing to be desired.  The first floor is devoted to the packing department and for the stock rooms.  On the second floor the manufacturing operations are carried on, and on the third floor are the plaiting rooms.  The lower part of the building is used for storage.  The general departments of the operations consist of the stock and turning, the rounding, the rolling, plaiting and the best machinery and appliances, including patent rolling machines and other special machinery operated by water power, employment being furnished to about fifty workmen.

            The Dayton Whip Co., are manufacturers of whips and lashes of every style known to the trade, which, by the aid of improved machinery, they are enabled to turn out of the highest quality at the most reasonable prices and at prompt notice.  Their goods embody all the improvements that have been made in whip making during the past ten years, including special features incident only to the productions of this house.

            The trade of the company is diffused all over the United States, although the bulk of the sales are made in the West, dealers finding their interests better served here than at Westfield or other New England centers.  Although formerly served by distant markets, and there is every reason to look for a much for expanded increase of their operations.

            The management of the company is made up as follows:  Messrs. T.S. Babbit, President; M.J. Houck, Treasurer; H.H. Weakly, Secretary; J.W. Dye, Superintendent, and W.H. Pervear, General Agent – all gentlemen of energy and enterprise,  representing both ample capital and a practical knowledge of the details of the trade.

            In conclusion, we may state that the institution of this new endeavor in Dayton will do much to enhance the reputation of the city as a producing center and as a theater of operations for the manufacture of high-class merchandise.



Chair Manufacturers, 229 to 233 East First Street.

            Prominently engaged in the manufacture of chairs we find the house of G. Stomps & Co., which was founded as long as ago as the year 1859, since which time a large and growing trade has been established which extends throughout a large section of the United States, chiefly, however, in Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania, New York, and the Southern and Western States generally.

            The plant is of a very extensive character.  It comprises a brick building of four floors, 44x200 feet in dimensions, another also four stories high, 44x100 feet, and a warehouse on Canal Street, likewise having four stories, 40x80 feet in area.  There is also a two-story brick building used for office purposes.  The equipment of the works embraces the most modern and improved woodworking machinery, operated by a ninety horse-power steam engine, and every facility and convenience for the rapid and economical production of superior goods.  The firm are manufacturers of a very large number of styles, including, practically, chairs of all kinds, such as upholstered, leather, plush, cane and wood seats chairs and rockers; and the facilities of the house for producing these goods of good quality and low price are equal to any contemporary wherever located, and with an improved plant and every convenience at command, they are enabled to invite legitimate competition from all.

            The members of the firm are Messrs. G. Stomps., R.P. Burkhardt, C. Vogel, J.M. Kramer, and G. Stomps, Jr., all of whom are well known and leading citizens of the community.  The house is a leader in its line of trade, and as such has done much to enhance the manufacturing reputation of this city.




Manufacturers of Furniture, Office and Factory, 333 to 339 Taylor Street.

            A notable and well equipped establishment devoted to a special department of the furniture trade, is that of Messrs. John Stengel & Co., who have now conducted their business since the year 1883 with annually increasing success and enlarged operations.  The plant of the house comprises a four story brick building, 40x100 feet in dimensions, in addition to extensive yards used for the storage of lumber.  The mechanical equipment of the factory, which is operated by a 60 horse power engine, includes improved machinery of all kinds necessary for the business, and the products, which are made according to the most original and elegant designs, have an enviable reputation in the market for durability and attractiveness of appearance.  The various departments afford employment to about sixty skilled artisans.

            The firm confine their operations to the manufacture of bedsteads, chamber suits, and tables of medium quality, but the facilities of production enable the house to turn out the best quality of the grade specified at such prices as can not fail to meet with the appreciation of the trade.  Dayton affords a most favorable field for the operation of the industry of furniture manufacturing, being close to the forests from which is drawn the supply of raw material, at the same time nearly a dozen competing lines of railroad assure reasonable rates of freight, and open up the entire country for a market.  Again labor is not exorbitant at this point, and it is seldom, if ever, that labor troubles disturb the good feelings which should always exist between employer and employed.  The trade of the house is mainly in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Indiana, and West Virginia.

            The members of the firm are Messrs. John Stengel and G. Stomps, the latter gentlemen also being a partner in the house of G. Stomps & Co., chair manufacturers of this city.  Sufficient has been said for our readers to realize that this house is a considerable factor in the promotion of Dayton’s thrift and resources, and is another of the strong links in the chain of her commercial and industrial advancement.



McHose & Lyon, Founders and Machinists and Manufacturers of Architectural Iron Work, Dayton, Ohio.

            Dayton owes much of its prominence as a manufacturing center to the excellent facilities it enjoys for receiving coal, iron and lumber at low rates of freight, and to its central position and splendid shipping facilities, by means of which its products can be dispatched to any part of the country.  One of the most extensive establishments here is that of Messrs. McHose and Lyon, which for a number of years has conferred celebrity on this center.  The enterprise has advanced in the lapse of years from modest proportions to its present commanding position, and now the plant is among the most extensive in the city, covering a large area of ground, upon which are erected a number of buildings varying from one to three stories high, and each designed for some specific branch of the industry.  There is a separate structure used for office purposes, and another for the drafting and designing departments.  Steam and water power are used as motors, and the equipment of machinery and appliances includes the very best and most modern of their kind, such as riveting and bending apparatus, cupolas for melting, etc.

            The products of the works are mainly for architectural purposes, and include building fronts, fire escapes, iron railings, balconies, and in fact, anything and everything that may be required in the construction of buildings which is made from wrought or cast iron.  A very large quantity of patterns suitable for this work are in possession of the firm, and they are prepared to make others at the shortest notice from designs of architects or individuals.

            The facilities of the firm in every respect are of a most extensive and favorable character.  The house is one of the most important of the kind in the West, and some of the most celebrated buildings and edifices in the country have been constructed from iron work made at this establishment.  While on this subject, we may mention that the iron work used in the construction of the cable railroads in Chicago and Kansas City emanated from this house.  All the iron work for the U.S. government buildings at Jefferson, Texas, Springfield, Ohio, Springfield, Mass., Augusta, Me., Williamsport, Pa., and Jersey in the government buildings at Cincinnati, Memphis, and Kansas City were made by the firm, that in the building of Cincinnati being recognized as the finest work of the kind in the country.

            The gentlemen composing the firm are men of energy and experience in all that relates to the business, and they have elevated their industry to its present position by pursuing the most enlightened policy and progressive methods.  Further personal comment is not required, and in concluding this brief notice we will only say that we have endeavored to make patent to our readers, with the limited space at  our disposal, some idea of the nature of the work carried on, which has expanded with the growth of the country in wealth and importance, and much of the celebrity of Dayton must be traced to houses of this character, which, in the production of high-class products, have done much to draw the attention to the locality as a point of distribution and supply.



Pinneo & Daniels, Manufacturers of Wheels, &c., First and Madison Streets.

            This enterprise was original founded in 1857, and in 1875, the present firm was organized.  The works occupy an area of ground of over an acre, and comprise a number of buildings, storage sheds, etc., the principal structure being the factory, four stories high and built of brick, and covering an area 150x50 feet in dimensions, with an “L” attached, 36x86 feet in extent.  The plant is provided with highly perfected machinery and appliances, employment being furnished to from 75 to 100 skilled workmen.

            Messrs. Pinneo & Daniels manufacture all kinds of wheels, including “Sarven Wheels,” but their main energies are devoted to the production of The Dayton Patent Compressed Band Hub and Tenon Wheel which has been ten years before the trade, and which has, during that period, fully demonstrated its claim of being the best wheel in the market.  The bands are made from the very best quality of Norway iron, welded and rolled, and having a continuous weld can not slip, as sometimes happens in short lap-welded bands.  The end of the blocks are turned to the finishing size, but the center is left somewhat larger.  The hub is not weakened by cutting grooves for the bands to rest in hub, but the entire surface is strengthened by applying the band over all and compressing it into the wood flush.  The bands do not require any grooves to be cut to receive them, but they are pressed bodily in the wood.  The spokes have a groove cut in both sides of the tenon next to the shoulder, making the thickness of the tenon where the groove is cut just what is required when it is ready to drive, the lower end of the tenon being an eighth of an inch thicker.  This is reduced by compression to the required thickness.  These wheels, with the hubs reduced by compression three-eights of an inch in diameter, and the surface pores closed and solidified, and the whole hub held in position by lipped bands that will not break, or allow of the fiber of the wood to escape, necessarily must constitute as near solidity and security in their manufacture as it is possible for human ingenuity to contrive.  Altogether, we may justly say of The Dayton Patent Compressed Band Hub and Tenon Wheels that they are eminently distinguished for strength, durability, elasticity and ultimate economy, and for general points of excellence are considered unrivalled.  The house, from its inception, ahs adopted the principle of producing only such goods as shall attaint he highest standard of excellence, and that policy has always been consistently followed out.  The goods are shipped to all parts of the United States, and the sales are annually increasing. The members of the firm are Messrs. A.W. Pinneo and E.A. Daniels.  Dayton owes a fair measure of her industrial fame to this house, and may be congratulated for being selected as a headquarters for this leading branch of mechanical art.



Manufacturers of Refined, Air Furnace Malleable Iron Castings, Office and Works, West Third Street and Dale Avenue.

            The advantages possessed by Dayton as a center for the most perfect and economical production of almost all kinds of manufactured goods is fast becoming a matter of general recognition.  The proximity of the fields for the supply of raw materials, the unrivalled transportation facilities, and the thrift and reliable character of the labor supply place the manufacturies of this city in a position which enables them to fairly outstrip competition.  A notable instance of the utilization, to their fullest extent, of these splendid resources is afforded in the operations of the Dayton Malleable Iron Company, whose business has been developed upon the legitimate basis of superior production to proportions of great magnitude.  After nearly a quarter of a century’s active endeavor and annually increasing reputation and output, this extensive corporation stands today with more vigorous than ever, the exponent of the results attending an enterprising and able management, and illustration of the perennial youth and vigor of honorable business methods.

            The inception of this enterprise was in 1866, and was the outcome of the legitimate wants of the manufacturers in the vicinity of Dayton, a large proportion of the products at that time being agricultural machinery castings and carriage hardware.  With the growth of the enterprise and its enlarge scope of trade new lines of production have been added until, at the present date, the company is prepared with all necessarily facilities to manufacture every conceivable kind of malleable iron castings that may be required, the bulk of the output, however, being confined to the malleable iron castings for railway, agricultural, and carriage work.  Drawheads for freight and passenger cars are made by thousands, as well as an innumerable list of other articles for all manner of purposes for which malleable iron has been found the best material.

            The works, which are among the largest in Dayton, are located upon an extensive plot of ground in the western part of the city. The buildings are constructed of brick, and are conveniently arranged for the expedition of the work in hand and the economical handling of the products.  They comprise the molding shop, the pattern shops, the annealing shops, warehouses, etc., and the plant is directly connected with the railroad system of the city by a sidetrack which enters the yards and affords the best of facilities for the receipt and shipment of the raw materials and finished products.  Steam power is furnished from an engine of 80 horse power capacity, and the mechanical equipment embraces all the latest and most improved machinery and appliances known to the most advanced in the trade, and include air furnaces for malleable iron castings.  In the production of the industry employment is furnished to two hundred and fifty skilled workmen, the wages to pay whom, weekly, constituting a considerable factor in the general thrift of this community.  From the above it will readily be seen that the facilities of production possessed by this company are equal to those of any similar concern in the country, and as their products have always borne the highest reputation in the trade for superior quality, it has resulted in a demand for them extending throughout the United States, east of the Mississippi River.

            The officers of the company are Messrs. R.C. Schenck, Jr., President, and Thos. P. Gaddis, Secretary and General Superintendent, both of whom give their active attention to the management of the enterprise, and its success if mainly attributable to their practical and critical supervision.  The influence exercised by this company on the industrial activity of the city has been of the most salutary character, while, at the same time, with unrivalled facilities, large capital and ripe experience, the results accomplished are in every way meeting the approval of the company’s ever-enlarging circle of customers.



Wholesale Grocers, 125 East Third Street.

            The magnitude of the wholesale and manufacturing interests of this city only become apparent when a thorough disclosure is made of the capabilities and resources of each individual establishment.  To present to the notice of the outside world some idea of this important array of wealth and enterprise is the object of this work, and in pursuance of our design we now direct the reader’s attention to the house of J.K. McIntire & Co., which may certainly be quoted as one of the leading establishments of the kind in Sothern Ohio.

            The practical history of this firm dates back to the year 1846, at which period Mr. J.K. McIntire began his business career as a clerk to Mr. George W. Kneisly.  In 1854 his services had become so valuable that he was made a partner, the firm title being changed to Kneisly, McIntire & Co., which title in 1861 became Kneisly & McIntire.  This partnership was dissolved in 1876 and the present enterprise was instituted, Mr. McIntire from time to time giving an interest to such of his former employees as showed themselves deserving of such advancement.  At the present time Mr. McIntire is the youngest business man in the city, who has continuously been in one and the same business for over forty years, and there are but few in Dayton, who for a longer period, have been engaged in any single line of industry.

            The premises occupied in connection with the enterprise consist of a large four story building, besides three upper floors in the adjoining structure and two warehouses in the alley.  They are furnished with every facility and improvement, including a water elevator connecting all the floors, and not expense has been spared that would in any way add to the conveniences of the establishment.

            The stock carried comprises a remarkably heavy and complete assortment of staple and fancy groceries, including teas, coffees, spices, sugars, molasses, canned goods, tobaccos, and in short everything pertaining to the legitimate grocery trade.  Judging from the activity pervading every department of the establishment, the stock of goods to which accessions are being made daily and the cheerful anticipations of the firm, the demands made upon them are quite proportionate to their facilities for supplying them; which fact may be attributed equally to the liberal and just business policy adhered to, as to the choice quality of the output.

            The exigencies of this extensive business requires the services of twenty-two sales clerks, salesmen and assistants in the city, in addition to six commercial representatives on the road, whose operations are judiciously confined to this State and the neighboring State of Indiana.

            The members of the firm are Messrs. J.K. McIntire, James McIntire, J.F. Schneider, and Charles P. Althoff.  The head of the house is a gentleman who for many years has been closely identified with the advancement of the commercial prosperity of this city.  He has demonstrated by his career that he is a business man of comprehensive views and thorough executive ability, and has therefore achieved for his enterprise a very prominent position among the representatives of Dayton’s mercantile industries.  Besides his connection with this business, Mr. McIntire is treasurer of the Miami Valley Insurance Co., and president of the Third National Bank, and is connected with many prominent corporations of the city.

            Concluding this brief notice, we may say that the firm of J.K. McIntire & Co. are eminently first class wholesale grocers in every sense of the term, with facilities not surpassed by any of their contemporaries in the State, and we may be pardoned for seeming prolixity for further adding that the standing and reputation achieved by the house are such as to warrant the entire confidence of those with whom it has established business relations, and entitles it to the consideration of the community whose general interests it has done so much to promote.



Manufacturers of Agricultural Machinery, Third and Bainbridge Streets.

            Among houses whose fame is world-wide for the production of agricultural machinery, none have achieved a higher position than has the Stoddard Manufacturing Company, who in adopting Dayton as a theatre for their operations, have conferred a boon to the city in the advancement of its fame as a manufacturing center as well as in the promotion of its industrial thrift in giving employment to a large number of operatives.

            The business of this company was established in 1870 as John Dodds & Co., who conducted it until 1874, when Messrs. J. W. Stoddard & Co. assumed control of its affairs.  In November, 1884, the present company was organized with a capital stock of $500,000.

            The plant of the company is located as above stated and occupies an entire square, fronting on four streets.  The works are among the largest in the State and include a number of buildings varying from one to four floors in height, each designed for some specific department of the work in hand.  The motive force is furnished by two steam engines of 250 horse power capacity, and employment is given to about five hundred skilled workmen.  The works adjoin the railroad tracks, affording the best of facilities for receipts and shipments, and the products consist of special agricultural implements of the highest quality.  The leading specialties are: The Tiger Front-cut Mower, The Genuine Tiger Hay Bake, The Tiger Seed Sower Attachment, The Tiger Grain Sower Attachment, The Tiger Plaster Sower Attachment, The Hollingworth Tiger Combined Rake and Tedder, The New Hollingworth Hay Rake, The New Favorite Hay Rake, The New Era Combined Hay Rake and Ricker, The Climax Pulverizing Disc Harrow, Broad Cast Seeder Attachments for Disc Harrows, The Triumph Broad Cast Seeder and Cultivator, and The Triumph Eleven-foot Broad Cast Seeder. Of these, particular attention is directed to the far-famed Tiger Mower, the most perfect machine of the kind in the market, which has all the good points and none of the imperfections of other mowers, but also embodies many valuable improvements peculiar to itself, which places it beyond question ahead of its competitors; also the famous and only genuine Tiger Rake, of which there are now the extraordinary number of nearly one hundred and sixty thousand in use.  This fact is sufficient and relieves us from saying a single word in commendation of it.  Special investigation is also due to Hollingsworth Tiger Combined Hay Rake and Tedder, which combines all of the best features of the two well known and tested appliances.  The Climax and Stoddard Harrows and Triumph Drills are also the best machines of the kind before the farming public, and indeed, we may at once say, that the appliances here manufactured are seldom equaled and never surpassed, and that the distinctive title of “Tiger” has become a standard brand of excellence, as regards to the production of the highest class of agricultural machinery.  Imitation if the best form of praise, and the fact that many manufacturers claim that their goods are “just the same as the Tiger” or “equal to the Tiger,” show conclusively that even they acknowledge the superiority of the goods made by this company.  The genuine “Tiger” agricultural implements are made by this company and by none others, and they are safely and securely protected by letters patent covering the vital improvements.

            The scope of the company’s operations embrace the entire country and their machinery may be seen in operation in all parts of the Union.  They have agencies in every section from which goods can be obtained but with little delay, each agency carrying a full stock of the products.  Their foreign trade is very large and growing; indeed fifteen per cent of the entire product is dispatched to all countries of Europe and to Australia.

            The company issue a handsome illustrated catalogue fully describing the implements they manufacture.  The officers of the company are Messrs. John W. Stoddard, President; W.A. Scott, Secretary, and W.J. Jones, Treasurer. 

            In conclusion we may say that all business relations entered into with this company will prove eminently satisfactory to all concerned.



Manufacturers of Agricultural Implements, Cor. State Street and Wayne Avenue.

            The Farmers Friend Manufacturing Company was incorporated as a stock company was incorporated as a stock company in 1871, and the executive officers are as follows: John W.Stoddard, President; J.A. Marlay, Vice President, V.P. VanHorne, Secretary, and J.F. Campbell, Treasurer.  These gentlemen are all representatives of the most prominent elements of the community.  The company’s works are among the most important in the city and possesses an admirable location with direct connection with the

railroad system, the cars passing through the entire yard.  The main factory is a building of four floors, built of brick 150x200 feet in dimensions, and there is a foundry 125x100 feet in area.  There are also in addition sheds and outbuildings and other conveniences.  An engine of 150 horse power supplies the necessary line of manufacture, much of the machinery being specially made of the exigencies of the work of this establishment.  From 175 to 200 operatives are employed in the various departments.  The Farmers Friend Manufacturing Co. are large producers of high class agricultural implements, the most notable of which are: Farmers Friend Side Lever Corn Planter, Farmers Friend Center Lever Corn Planter, Farmers Friend Corn Drill, Ohio Corn Drill, Farmers Friend Cultivator, UT.K. Spring Tooth Harrow, Excelsior Three Section Lever Harrow, Excelsior Two Section Sled Harrow, Monarch Grain Drill, Monarch Force Feed Fertilizer, Monarch Vibrator Fertilizer, Monarch Three and Five Hoe Drills, Farmers Friend Tobacco Hiller, the whole constituting as perfect a line of planting, seeding and tilling machinery as made by any other one house in the world.  For further description, illustrated printed matter and other particulars, we refer our interested readers direct to the house.  We may, however, say and with perfect truth, that their machines embody in their construction all the really valuable improvements of the years, and that taken altogether or in detail, they are as perfect a group of appliances as can be made.  Wherever introduced they are general favorites with farmers, and the company has certainly every right to its title of “Farmers Friend” to an eminent degree.  They are sold all over the United States in addition to a number of them having been exported abroad to foreign countries.



Manufacturer of Paper Boxes, 25 North Main Street.

            With increase of population and the advance of business in every conceivable form, the demand for paper boxes has necessarily caused their manufacture to grow in importance until it has reached its present immense proportions.  One of the oldest houses engaged in this business in Southern Ohio is that of Mr. R. Wolf, which was established in 1864, and which has continued to thrive through all the fluctuating and depressing years that followed its organization, bearing always a high repute in the trade for good workmanship, tasteful designs and low prices.

            The premises occupied for the business consist of the upper floors in the building located as above indicated.  All of the operations, as far as possible, are performed by machinery, employment being furnished to about a dozen operatives.  All kinds of paper boxes are manufactured, and the house is entirely in a position to satisfy the entire demands of the trade of this section, goods being shipped to all parts of the State.

            Mr. R. Wolf, the proprietor of this business, is closely allied with the manufacturing interests of Dayton.  He is thoroughly experienced in all the practical details of the enterprise, and the prompt manner in which all orders are fulfilled is a sufficient guarantee of the most favorable results from the establishment of business relations with the house.

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